National Institutes of Health Guidelines for Bariatric Surgery
- Body Mass Index (BMI) of 40 or greater
- Body Mass Index (BMI) of greater than 35 with an obesity related health problem
- Dietary attempts at weight control have been ineffective
- Psychological stability
- Knowledgeable about the operation (risks, benefits, long-term consequences)
- Existing medical problems do not preclude likely survival from surgery
Body Mass Index (BMI)
Body Mass Index (BMI) is a measure of body fat based on height and weight that applies to both adult men and women. BMI does not differentiate between body fat and muscle mass. Therefore, body builders and people who have a lot of muscle bulk will have a high BMI but are not overweight or obese.
Fat predominantly distributed around the waist is also a risk factor for health complications such as cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes. Fat predominantly deposited around the hips and buttocks doesn’t have this same risk.