The disease of obesity is so much more than simply excess weight. It truly is a metabolic disease involving complex metabolic and hormonal mechanisms. Obesity is associated with a chronic state of inflammation. Excessive fat cells release a cascade of biochemicals which result in chronic inflammation. It is believed that this chronic state of inflammation results in diseases such as diabetes, heart disease, stroke, cancer and joint and muscle pains.
Obesity and Diabetes
It is estimated that over 90% of all individuals suffering from diabetes are either overweight or obese. CDC estimates that diabetes has more than tripled between 1980-2010 in the U.S. The state of Washington ranks amongst the highest with a rate increase of over 200%. About 6 million Americans have Type 2 diabetes and are unaware of it.
The estimated annual health expenditures associated with diabetes is $174 Billion per year, representing 14% of the total healthcare expenditure.
The American Diabetes Association, the International Diabetes Federation and the American Society for Endocrinology all indorse the use of Metabolic and Bariatric surgery as a safe and effective treatment modality. The Cleveland Clinic has named Metabolic and Bariatric surgery as a treatment for diabetes as one of the Top 10 Medical Innovations for 2013.
Obesity and Heart Disease
Heart disease is the leading cause of death both in men and women in the United States. Risk factors include high cholesterol, high blood pressure, diabetes, smoking, obesity, diet and sedentary lifestyle.
The American Heart Association identifies metabolic and bariatric surgery as a safe treatment option for long term weight loss and improved health through risk factor reduction.